Gallery

Chavez & HOPE
The struggle to create the United Farm Workers Union is just one example of César Chavez’ many optimistic efforts that made poor and hard working people hopeful of achieving a better life.  The East & Spring – The east is commonly associated metaphorically with the rising sun , new beginnings and hope.  The Spring season begins a new cycle in nature —birth, renewal and the planting season of agriculture.

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Chavez & DETERMINATION
In 1971, Arizona passed a law outlawing boycotts.  Labor leaders kept telling César:  “No se puede! --A camaign against the law is futile."Chávez anwered “Si, se puede!" (Yes, it can be done).  And it became a rallying cry of the movement.  The South & Summer - The south is often linked with the warmth of the sun and the agricultural growing season. Metaphorically it is  linked to the growth cycle of  youth into adulthood and the determination needed to over-come obstacles and meet new challenges.

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Chávez & COURAGE
César & the United Farm Workers endured the taunts, threats & physical attacks by hired bullies with one primary defense: a courageous commitment to non-violence."...the truest act of courage...is to sacrifice our-selves for others in a totally nonviolent struggle for justice." The West & Autumn - The West is commonly  associated with Sunset and Darkness, the end of the Autumn harvest cycle, and fear of the unknown.  Courage allows us to face the unknown and take a stand based on principled
commitment.

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Chávez & TOLERANCE
In 1968 César undertook a 25-day water only fast aimed at a labor movement that was unraveling due to frustration & intolerance.  Chávez said he would fast until union members renewed THEIR pledge to respectful action.   "Love is the most important ingredient in non-violent action…Hatred saps all the strength and energy we need to plan." North & Winter - The North is linked with Winter.  It offers natural beauty, but also hardship, scarcity & adversity.  For many traditional cultures the North is linked with their ancestors, who migrated from the North looking for a better life. The ancestors metaphorically represent Knowledge, patience and tolerance.

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Newgrange (Ireland) (3200BC)
The megalithic chambered cairn of Newgrange is located on the east coast of Ireland. It was built around 3200BC making It older than Stonehenge in England and the Pyramids of Giza in Egypt. Built by Neolithic farming communities, it has a clear astronomical alignment. Newgrange is best known for the illumination of its passage and chamber by the winter solstice sun.

 

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Kulkulkan Pyramid, Yucatan, Mexico (700-800 AD)
Thousands of people travel to Chichen Itza, the Mayan ruins in the Yucatan Peninsula, each March to experience the Equinox at the renowned Kulkulkan Pyramid. The phenomenon is celebrated at about 3:00 p.m. when the setting sun casts a shadow across the corner of the pyramid onto the descending stairway giving the illusion that a serpent is slithering down the side of the stairway. Chichen Itza is also noted for its "El Caracol" observatory.

 

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Intihuatana Stone, Machu Pichu (1400s)
Located high in the Andes outside of Cuzco, this city was only "discovered" in 1911. It was never found by the Spaniards. It is a breathtaking archaeological site with unsurpassed stonework. One of Machu Picchu's primary functions was that of astronomical observatory. The Intihuatana Stone (meaning 'Hitching Post of the Sun') has been shown to be an indicator of the seasons. The Incas held ceremonies
at the stone in which they "tied the sun" to halt its northward movement in the sky.

 

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GuanXing Tai Observatory, China (1276AD)
This "Tower for the Measurement of the Sun's Shadow"---one of the most important observatories of its day---is located at Yang-Cheng. At the site the sun casts a shadow along a low wall that extends perpendicularly from the pyramid's north face for 120 feet, yielding precise dates for the solstices.

 

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Meridiana of San Petronio, Bologna, Italy (1576)
A hole in the ceiling of the cathedral projects a shaft of sunlight onto this bronze strip at solar noon on the pavement below. Although the Roman Catholic Church once waged a long and bitter war on science and astronomy,in general, they were quite involved in astronomy. The church adapted cathedrals across Europe, and a tower at the Vatican itself, so their darkened vaults could serve as solar observatories. Why? - so church officials could more accurately establish the date of Easter and unify its followers.

 

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Jantar Mantar (India) (1725-1734AD)
Majarajah Jai Singh II had eighteen instruments erected between 1725 and 1734. They were designed by Sawai who was well aware of European developments in this field and wanted to create observatories that would out do anything already in existence. The instruments are built so that shadows fall onto marked surfaces identifying the position and movement of stars and planets, telling the time, and even predicting the intensity of the monsoon.

 

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Cahokia Indian Mounds, (1000AD)
Is it in Peru? Guatemala? No, Collinsville, Illinois. The remains of the most sophisticated prehistoric Indian civilization north of Mexico are preserved at the 2200 acre Cahokia Mounds State Historical Site. On the Equinoxes and Solstices celebrations are held at the circular sun calendar. The calendar consists of 48 large cedar posts arranged in a 410 foot-diameter circle around a central observation post. It was probably used to determine the changing seasons and certain ceremonial periods important to an agricultural way of life.

 

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